The Shift In Tourism After Covid-19
The world is facing an unprecedented global crisis with COVID- 19; This is by far the worst result in the historical series of international tourism since 1950. Our industry witnessed a significant decline in travel needs leading to job losses globally due to the closure of hotels, grounded airlines, and travel restrictions.
According to UWTO, the current happenings might lead to a decline of 78% in international tourists and putting over 100million jobs at risk. The global travel and tourism industry as lost an equivalent of $300-$400 billion in international tourism receipts. The Nigerian travel industry lost more than N180 billion.
Although some countries are beginning to open to tourists with strict travel policies, we also envisage an increase in ticket fares, which will make travel more expensive and tagged as a luxury item. There will also be strict adherence to health and safety measures.
The ripple effect of this pandemic might take a while to recover, especially for international travels, but we foresee a surge in domestic trips. The outbreak of the pandemic will lead to the demand for local tourism, virtual reality tours, and a rise in investment opportunities in local destinations. Nigeria, a beautiful nation blessed in human and natural resources. A country rich in an abundance of mountains, culture, beaches, and history well enough to attract any tourist.
Unfortunately, Nigerian tourism is underdeveloped facing security and infrastructure challenges; there's an urgent need for the government to create an enabling environment to revive the tourism industry. Time for the state government to start generating income from their asset as this will only not contribute to the revenue but will create job opportunities.
Tourism is a pillar of global economic growth and diversification in any country and a tool for poverty alleviation, infrastructure development, and provision of jobs. An $8.8 trillion industry, and expects to hit $13 trillion by 2029, says World Travel and Tourism Council. Now is the time to promote tourism in Nigeria. We need a legal framework to achieve this, implementation of tourism master plan, and maybe privatization of some tourist attractions to get things going. The government can't do this alone.
We, industry operators, need to collaborate, be creative, and find innovative ways to build a developed sustainable tourism industry. According to the World Tourism Organization, sustainable tourism is “Tourism that takes full account of its current and future economic, social and environmental impacts, addressing the needs of visitors, the industry, the environment, and host communities."
The objective is to retain the economic and social advantages of tourism development while reducing or mitigating any undesirable impact on the natural, historical, cultural, and social environment.
The Urgent Need For Sustainability
Promoting culture and preserving local tradition.
Making sure that natural resources are preserved for future generations.
Building linkages and reducing leakages.
When it comes to sustainability, there are three “pillars” to consider: environmental, economic, and socio-cultural. These three pillars need to be balanced before we think “sustainable tourism."
Sustainable tourism is known as responsible tourism. It is any form of tourism that is consumed more responsibly manner. Responsible tourism puts more emphasis on the responsibility of tourism industry through generating more significant economic benefits for local people and enhancing the well-being of host communities, improving working conditions, involving local people in decisions that affect their lives and life chances, making positive contributions to the conservation of natural and cultural heritage, providing access for physically challenged people and encouraging respect between tourists and hosts. It also strives to minimize adverse social, economic, and environmental impacts. According to its definition, Responsible Tourism is about making “better places for people to live in and better places for people to visit”: in that order.
In 2018, tourism represented 10.4% of global GDP, and 1 in 10 jobs and tourism's contribution to GDP is predicted to grow by 3.7% CAGR over the coming decade. Tourism has enormous potentials. This economic growth could come at a high environmental and social cost.
By 2030, developing countries to dominate as tourist destinations (especially Africa), and there's an urgent need to protect our environment from pollution, waste, and natural resource depletion.
Tourism is responsible for 8% of world greenhouse gas emissions, and this is complicating a global drive to slow climate change. Transportation is the most carbon-intensive element of tourism as which air pollution takes about 40%. There's been an urgent need to mitigate the adverse impact of tourism; These include the launch of CORSIA (Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation) the first global, industry-wide carbon-offsetting scheme for international flights, incentives for the production and use of sustainable aviation fuel, and local measures to manage levels of tourism.
The mode of transport utilized to get to the desired tourist destination
The sustainability of the accommodation and other experiences at the destination.
Sustainable tourism breaking down into two parts: eco-travel – the mode of transport to get to the destination, and eco-tourism – the sustainability of the accommodation and other experiences at the destination. According to TIES, ecotourism is responsible travel to natural areas that conserves the environment and improves the well-being of local people. Ecotourism is about uniting conservation, communities, and sustainable tourism. Those who engage in ecotourism focus on:
Unspoiled natural environments
Build environmental and cultural awareness and respect
Minimizes impact on the environment
Provide positive experiences for both visitors and host
Sustainable tourism is a two-way commitment. It is time for travelers, organizations, and the government to begin a different journey by contributing towards saving the planet. We implore everyone to save the earth by traveling responsibly.
How You can make a change as a Tourist
Travel agents and tour operators need to educate themselves & clients
Use of sustainable aviation fuel.
Promote green-certified hotel and eco-lodges
Find an alternative means of travel. Travel by road and train.
We recommend flying less and staying Earth-bound where possible
Make use of natural resources and eco-friendly destination
Use of eco-friendly transportation as much as you can
Encourage energy efficiency and waste management.
Respect the traditions and cultural difference
No exploitation of animals
Take care of heritages sites
Support local community and economy